Where does the confusion between "Netherlands" and "Holland" sometimes come from?
Holland is actually only a region of The Netherlands, but became famous throughout the world during the so-called "golden age" (late sixteenth century until the beginning of the eighteenth). In this period Holland became the leading trading power of the Netherlands with the rest of the world and therefore more well known globally. Its growth attracted artists, writers and scholars, allowing the cultural development of the country at the same time. Even today, the renown of Holland is immense, and although it is only a region of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, it is often a symbol of the whole country!
Why is the orange colour associated with Holland?
Although the Dutch flag is composed of three horizontal stripes red, white, blue, the colour orange is often associated with the country. The orange colour has played a central role in Dutch culture and national pride and is actually a symbol of the Dutch royal family "van Oranje Nassau".